|Look for December 2013 "Did You Know" tips at links below|
- Agricultural Irrigation
- Crop Production
- Drinking Water
- Lakes / Ponds / Streams
- Lawn and Landscape Irrigation
- Lawns, Landscapes and Gardens
- Livestock Manure Management
- Policy / Law / Economics / Human Behavior
- Stormwater Management
- Wastewater - Domestic Sewage
- Water Basics (groundwater, surface water, hydrology)
- Well and Wellhead Management
Basics Manual Introduction
The Basics Manual is for those who wish to learn about onsite wastewater treatment systems. It is a supplement to Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality Title 124, Rules and Regulations for the Design, Operation and Maintenance of Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems. Title 124 allows a Nebraska certified installer to layout and construct an onsite wastewater treatment system for a dwelling, or for an establishment with flow from toilets, urinals and lavatories of less than 1,000 gallons per day. This manual serves as an introduction for the Pumper Manual and the Installer Manual. It should be read prior to those manuals, as they build upon information and concepts presented in the Basics Manual.
After reading this manual, you will be able to:
1. List certification requirements for onsite professionals and explain the procedure for registering an onsite system.
2. List two purposes of onsite wastewater treatment systems.
3. Explain why wastewater needs treatment, based on materials found in the wastewater.
4. List the main parts of a traditional septic system and their functions.
5. List 3 types of treatment that occur in a septic system, and where they occur.
Sam Smith of Septics R Us met with a potential customer who wanted to have a septic system designed and installed on his new property. They wanted to be water efficient, and insisted on having graywater from the laundry and bath used for irrigating their yard. Sam explained that such a system was not legal unless special filtering and disinfection units were installed.
Do you know what graywater is, and why it is illegal to run laundry water or other graywater directly to the yard without treatment? Could you explain this to a homeowner? This manual will provide answers to questions like these, helping you to understand how systems work, the “why” of regulations, and making it easier for you to explain to your customers why you must follow the regulations.